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Week 4 Discussion 1: Stepping Stones to the Civil War

May 13, 2023 | Nursing | Chamberlain College of Nursing | HIST405N | 47
Required Resources Read/review the following resources for this activity: Textbook: Chapter 12, 14 Lesson Minimum of 1 scholarly source (in addition to the textbook) Initial Post Instructions For the initial post, pick three (3) of the leading causes of the American Civil War: The Compromise of 1850 The Fugitive Slave Law 1850 Uncle Tom's Cabin 1852 The Kansas Nebraska Act 1854 The Dred Scott Case of 1857 The Lincoln Douglas Debates 1858 Then, address one (1) of the following for your selections: Based on the historical facts given in this module, assess if the American Civil War was inevitable. Analyze if the United States Supreme Court can settle legal and moral issues through judiciary review. In your response, provide a documented example of a modern parallel of a legal or moral issue settled by the United States Supreme Court. Follow-Up Posts Compare your selections and analysis of selections with those of your peers. If they chose different events, examine how yours are similar and/or different. If they chose the same events, build on their posts by providing additional information about the events that you have not already noted in your own post. Writing Requirements Minimum of 2 posts (1 initial & 1 follow-up) APA format for in-text citations and list of references Grading This activity will be graded using the Discussion Grading Rubric. Please review the following link: Link (webpage): Discussion Guidelines Course Outcomes (CO): 1, 2, 3, 4
Reconstruction in our history, the period between 1865-1877, followed after the civil war where there were attempts to keep the slavery rights movement going. There was also the readmission of state parties who had seceded from the union. The reconstruction involved amending laws and creating new ones that would shape America in a different direction. Black communities had their political demands on the government so they joined with white allies to create the Republican party. President Lincoln had a goal of bringing the southern on board to restore the union. There was the 10% plan also known as the proclamation of amnesty and reconstruction plan. In this plan, the president revealed the proposal that southerners would be fully pardoned requiring ten percent of the 1860 voters to take an oath for future loyalty to the united states abolishing slavery. After the oath, the drafting of a new constitution would be drafted. This haste was aimed at returning the country to a sound state and rebuild its economy. Although it faced critics who thought that was an easy go for the rebels in the south. They wanted harsh terms to be laid going past the president's proposals. The congressional reconstruction act acted upon improving the rights of a black man towards airing the grievances of the people they represent before the senate. It was not fully successful but the act took the first black man to the government in the USA senate. The senate however did not fully agree with this reconstruction act and they dropped it, then later passing another law to restrict presidential powers. President Johnson faced much resistance from the republicans for they saw him playing them into easing the enemies of the union. The president was faced with impeachment threats soon she broke a law that was restricted. The senate restricted the president from, authority over the army appointing supreme court judges. He went ahead in 1867 and removed the secretary of war Edwin Stanton. This to the republicans was an act of disrespect and a means to being the northerner's slaves. After the victory from the union, Andrew Johnson formed a plan concerning the 10% Plan by Lincoln. This was to see the southerners having able to elect a representative and sending him to the senate. However, this included restoring some previous leaders their powers as well as the loyalty from 10% of the voters in the 2860 elections. It also proposed returning one's properties and land apart from slaves if they took an oath for the united states. All these plans and many more were brought to the senate concerning progress but many issues had to be addressed and growth from slavery to freedom needed a few adjustments. The congressional reconstruction plan stuck in play till 1877 when the northern troops were pulled from the south leaving a wrecked south that forced the slaves to work for little or no wages. The plan was taken to be sympathetic for the government-organized refuge, food, education clothing, and medicine. Putting labels on the events of the civil war could show a little hypocrisy. This is because the northerners won the war but still as much as the southerners rebelled against them, the slaves were left vulnerable for as much as you would expect any other human to be treated. (Brown, 2019). During the whole period since the war o reconstruction, the southerners felt oppressed by the north. If the black community was to succeed, they had to be persistent no matter the losses they underwent. They were fighting for the future of their kids, not to be treated as slaves. The tension was all over the country and congress for another civil war would have brewed during the reconstruction period. Southerners had to be persistent during this time because congress not preventing another war would have been tragic for the whole country. The northerners had troops over the south and after four years of fighting, the final surrender was from a general in the army. This brought about a sense of defeat but their fires were not put out for they still fought their way through to congress and achieving most of the current rights that involve the protection of the black man. Sometimes surrender is the best victory one can have especially in a losing battle. After the civil war, Americans were not yet done. This was the hardest part of it all involving regrets and questions on what kind of government they would be for they needed to amend the laws and come up with new ones out dating the other laws. The American culture changed as a whole because of new developments towards a free country for all with no discrimination of race or color. Their voting rights were given to the black community who were slaves. The American culture changed drastically after the destruction of slavery and the slave trade. This opened doors for the blend of African culture and their creativity to the limelight providing a fusion and impacting on the music, food, dances, and art of previous America. Most black people migrated to the north in search of jobs and a livelihood. African culture became a new thing in America which has come to be appreciated in the western countries as much as in Africa. The little pride southerners had gathered from owning people and not paying them anything had gone down already and with many deaths labor was scarce. Adjusting from a farm job to a streets jobs was quite a transition for many but adapting had to kick in or migrate to the north. Before and during the civil war the American culture was strictly American with its sense of pride and superiority. After the civil war, a fusion has brought an improvement as well as opening opportunities for all races to chase their dreams abroad. The compromise of 1877 was an unwritten deal that focused on calming the disputes during the 1876 elections which resulted in the withdrawal of troops from the south ending the reconstruction period. This deal ensured the election of Rutherford Hayes as the next president from a republican party and the democrats would regain power in the southern state. during reconstruction, the Africans rights were considered and given refuge but after its end, the slaves were not protected in fear of what might happen to them. As the troops were withdrawn, the deal agreed on keeping it that way from the southerners even when there was an election, based on violence against blacks. The compromise included the building of another railway line through the south which most saw as the lighting in economic development. The southern people indicated they would protect the lives of black people to seal the deal which was not 100% true. The deal also had another term about legalizing the industrialization of the south to boost their economic growth after massive losses acquired during the war and reconstruction. This deal was made between selected members of the republican and an equal number from the democratic party. The arguments of holding these arguments in the house or senate were not guaranteed to come into a peaceful understanding. The sudden agreement to a common president was also triggered by the fact that no government would have repeated the civil war after all the tearing it had done. References Brown, T. J. (2019). The Great War and Civil War memory. Civil War Monuments and the Militarization of America, 232-282. https://doi.org/10.5149/northcarolina/9781469653747.003.0006 The compromise of 1877. (2018). The Revolution that Failed, 253-273. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvx1htmk.19 Post–war reconstruction. (2016). https://doi.org/10.4135/9781473976191 100
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