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Assessment 3 Instructions: Analyzing a Current Health Care Problem or Issue

May 15, 2023 | Nursing | Capella FlexPath | FPX4000 | 57
Write a 4-6-page analysis of a current problem or issue in health care, including a proposed solution and possible ethical implications. Introduction In your health care career, you will be confronted with many problems that demand a solution. By using research skills, you can learn what others are doing and saying about similar problems. Then you can analyze the problem and the people and systems it affects. You can examine potential solutions and their ramifications. This assessment allows you to practice this approach with a real-world problem. Demonstration of Proficiency By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the course competencies through the following assessment scoring guide criteria: Competency 1: Apply information literacy and library research skills to obtain scholarly information in the field of health care. Use scholarly information to describe and explain a health care problem or issue and identify possible causes for it. Competency 2: Apply scholarly information through critical thinking to solve problems in the field of health care. Analyze a health care problem or issue by describing the context, explaining why it is important and identifying populations affected by it. Discuss potential solutions for a health care problem or issue and describe what would be required to implement a solution. Competency 3: Apply ethical principles and academic standards to the study of health care. Analyze the ethical implications if a potential solution to a health care problem or issue was implemented. Competency 4: Write for a specific audience, in appropriate tone and style, in accordance with Capella's writing standards. Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics. Write following APA style for in-text citations, quotes, and references. Instructions Note: The requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. At a minimum, be sure to address each point. In addition, you are encouraged to review the performance-level descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will be assessed. 1. Describe the health care problem or issue you selected for use in Assessment 2 (from the Assessment Topic Areas media piece) and provide details about it. Course Navigation 4/9/2021 Assessment 3 Instructions: Analyzing a Current Health Care ... Explore your chosen topic. For this, you should use the first four steps of the Socratic Problem-Solving Approach to aid your critical thinking. This approach was introduced in Assessment 2. Identify possible causes for the problem or issue. 2. Use scholarly information to describe and explain the health care problem or issue and identify possible causes for it. Identify at least three scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles about the topic. You may find the How Do I Find Peer-Reviewed Articles? library guide helpful in locating appropriate references. You may use articles you found while working on Assessment 2 or you may search the Capella library for other articles. You may find the applicable Undergraduate Library Research Guide helpful in your search. Review the Think Critically About Source Quality to help you complete the following: Assess the credibility of the information sources. Assess the relevance of the information sources. 3. Analyze the health care problem or issue. Describe the setting or context for the problems or issues. Describe why the problem or issue is important to you. Identify groups of people affected by the problem or issue. Provide examples that support your analysis of the problem or issue. 4. Discuss potential solutions for the health care problem or issue. Describe what would be required to implement a solution. Describe potential consequences of ignoring the problem or issue. Provide the pros and cons for one of the solutions you are proposing. 5. Analyze the ethical implications if the potential solution (the one for which you provide pros and cons) were to be implemented. Provide examples from the literature to support the points you are making. Discuss the pros and cons of implementing the proposed solution from an ethical principle point of view. Describe what would be required to implement the proposed solution. Example Assessment: You may use the following to give you an idea of what a Proficient or higher rating on the scoring guide would look like: Assessment 3 Example [PDF]. Additional Requirements Your assessment should also meet the following requirements: Length: 4–6 typed, double-spaced pages, not including the title page and reference page. Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point. APA tutorial: Use the APA Style Paper Tutorial [DOCX] for guidance. Written communication: Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics. 4/9/2021 Assessment 3 Instructions: Analyzing a Current Health Care ... Using outside sources: Integrate information from outside sources into academic writing by appropriately quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing, following APA style. References: Integrate information from outside sources to include at least three scholarly or academic peer- reviewed journal articles and three in-text citations within the paper. APA format: Follow current APA guidelines for in-text citations of outside sources in the body of your paper and also on the reference page. Organize your paper using the following structure and headings: Title page. A separate page. Introduction. A brief one-paragraph statement about the purpose of the paper. Elements of the problem/issue. Identify the elements of the problem or issue or question. Analysis. Analyze, define, and frame the problem or issue. Considering options. Consider solutions, responses, or answers. Solution. Choose a solution, response, or answer. Ethical implications. Ethical implications of implementing the solution. Implementation. Implementation of the potential solution. Conclusion. One paragraph. If you would like assistance in organizing your assessment, or if you simply have a question about your assessment, do not hesitate to ask faculty or the teaching assistants in the NHS Learner Success Lab for guidance and suggestions. SCORING GUIDE Use the scoring guide to understand how your assessment will be evaluated.
Introduction The current age we live in has incredible healthcare advances hitting our headlines daily. Recent years see us finding improved and efficient methods of diagnosing, treating, and operating patients. However, countries around the world still experience limited access to healthcare. Access to quality health services is vital in promoting and maintaining health, management, and prevention of disease, reducing unnecessary disabilities, and achieving equity in health for all Americans. Some of the barriers to accessing healthcare include the high cost of care, unavailability of services, and lack of insurance coverage. The issue of limited access to healthcare in the US is caused by numerous factors and has a significant implication on people's lives, and addressing the problem would require strategies. Elements of the Issue The annual expenditures for healthcare in the US have increased, translating to a significant per capita figure in the industrial sector. Despite the high spending, the US stills fall behind when it comes to indicators of health. Why is this the case? The limited availability of office hours and appointments is one of the causes of limited care access (Gulliford, 2020). Numerous health organizations offer a set of working hours that is typical, disadvantaging the working adults. Convenient hours should be set for patients to visit doctors outside their schedules. The shortage of clinicians and geographical positioning also impacts the availability of care for all Americans (Gulliford, 2020). The 57 million Americans living in rural areas experience a list of challenges in accessing healthcare ranging from their residence to lack of adequate doctors who provide care. Analysis Accessing healthcare involves the inclusion of oral care and receiving the required prescription medication. The limited access to healthcare is the inability to utilize personal care services to achieve the best outcomes timely. The causes of limited care access are lack of culturally competent care, unavailability of services, inadequate lack of insurance cover, and high cost of care (Fischer, 2018). These barriers, if not addressed, lead to unnecessary hospitalizations, financial burdens, delays in treatment, and a lack of preventive services. The ability to receive healthcare services depends on ethnicity, race, age, sex, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, geographical location, and gender (Fischer, 2018). The issue of access to care is surrounded by numerous factors influencing its availability to populations. Growing up on a farm in the rural areas has had me see have a personal observation about access to healthcare in such disadvantaged areas. This involves community members experiencing intense pain and severe health conditions, preceding care, or visiting subspecialists who might not be competent. The issue of no health services for the non-metropolitan populations due to the high costs of care is disheartening. It has always been burdensome and costly for patients to travel in search of a primary care provider—these barriers to care lead to unmet healthcare needs and a lack of screening and treatment measures. Therefore, identifying the causes and developing solutions to make care accessible to these populations would be an incredible achievement. The nation has a wide range of assets that the world envies, ranging from cutting-edge technology, extensive healthcare facilities, and pharmacotherapeutics. Despite all these resources, care is not accessible to all populations for several reasons—one of these groups of people who have limited access to care in low-income neighborhoods. A study conducted in 2013 found 38.6% of the poorest fifth in the study affected by high blood pressure compared to 29.9% of the wealthiest fifth (Forsyth, Salomon, & Smead, 2017). Numerous working poor people get disqualified for Medicaid and can receive Obamacare subsidies, whose policies only cover certain hospitals and providers' practices. The largest segment of the uninsured population is young adults who lose coverage under their parents' insurance policies upon reaching 19 years (Sered, 2017). In terms of access to care services, blacks are less likely to receive quality and comprehensive care than whites. This issue is evident in the infant mortality for black babies, which is 2.5 times more than that of white babies (Sered, 2017). Based on health outcomes, Southern states have poor healthcare compared to Northern states. Considering Options The improvement in access to healthcare ensures the best health outcomes. Implementing various policies and programs will impact American communities' ability to receive appropriate services to meet their health needs. Approximately 3.6 million Americans miss appointments due to a lack of a ride to the hospital. Some of the considered options to address this issue include teaming up with independent networks of transport. Helping the poor visit doctors and get their medication through voluntary congregational networks through conducting rides would bring care close to those who need it. Partnering with co-host pop-up clinics would help provide preventive and disease management services to patients (Kernick, 2018). Teaming up with retain clinics would make it easy for patients to access affordable services that require no appointments (Kernick, 2018). Spreading the word about improvements in Medicare would encourage patients to seek free preventive care services. A care provider could set up a task force with their community stakeholders and hospital to improve transportation in an area that requires access to healthcare. The access to care by patients sets a baseline for every encounter by patients with the health industry. Accessing health services means the timely utilization of personal health services to achieve better health outcomes. What does this mean for a patient who cannot get a ride to the doctor’s office? Even with the ability to access a care provider and make an appointment, transportation challenges can deny patients a chance to see their clinicians. The patients who cannot obtain means of transport are physically unable to drive or face financial difficulties often go without care. Health insurance coverage makes one eligible to enter into the care system. The lack of this essential requirement makes it difficult for individuals to get the care needed, and upon receiving this care, they are burdened with substantial medical bills. A healthcare system's timelessness has been a cause of limited access to care. A facility's inability to quickly provide care when needed is recognized has led numerous patients to go untreated or experience more severe implications. Solution Retail and urgent care clinics are a developing section of the healthcare industry. Minor health needs do not require a visit to the emergency room, which is time-consuming and costly. Some of the advantages of these growing facilities are their convenience and quality care services. They are located in easily accessible locations and provide extended hours to advise patients on less complex solutions for non-fatal care for emergencies (Kaissi, 2016). Immunization rates have increase proving to prevent numerous illnesses as the administrations are cost-effective. However, retail clinics still depict disadvantages that include patients' wrong diagnoses (Kaissi, 2016). Their over-utilization could lead to cost increment. Despite the bonuses given to this program for improved healthcare access, retail clinics may not be for everyone, especially older adults whose healthcare is different. Ethical Implications Medical ethics require a provider's competence in their particular field. This involves discussing both the pros and cons of healthcare interventions and alternatives and allowing patients to make informed choices. Retail clinics providing the necessary affordable and accessible care services to patients prove ethical as the providers practice towards the patient's good. However, some practices prove unethical in failing to address a patient’s social and family issues and risks from fragmented care due to missing potentially chronic conditions. Implementation The growth of retail clinics represents a significant innovation in the American medical sector. The transparent pricing, short waiting time, and convenient hours and location significantly impact low-income individuals (Saathoff, 2018). Implementation of this idea would hence be a step to improving access to healthcare for diverse populations. This process would involve insurance companies and third-party payers, non-physician providers, patients, and employers. For the implementation of these facilities to be possible, there could be an expansion of care scope by including treatment and screening of hypertension and management of chronic diseases like asthma. Care providers should create awareness about their existence to those residing in rural areas. Conclusion In conclusion, three components of care include care timeliness, care services, and health insurance coverage. Those with no content have poor health statuses, their possibility to receive care is limited, their diagnosis is likely to occur later, and they have a high potential of dying prematurely. The issue of services requires ensuring that patients have an ongoing source of medical care. This significantly involves having a primary care health provider who can provide integrated services to family and community. It would also include using evidence-based preventive services by promoting healthy lifestyles among individuals without risk factors and protecting them. Delaying in the time between identifying a need for treatment and actual treatment could impact health and cost of care. Addressing these issues would improve access to comprehensive and quality healthcare. References Fischer, D. R. (2018). Access to Healthcare. Handbook of Healthcare Analytics, 21-30. doi:10.1002/9781119300977.ch2 Forsyth, A., Salomon, E., & Smead, L. (2017). Proposition 8: Increase Choice, Access, and Exposure to High-Quality, Diverse, and Healthy Food Options, Especially in Low-Income Areas. Creating Healthy Neighborhoods, 88-93. doi:10.4324/9781351179294-12 Gulliford, M. (2020). Access to Healthcare. Healthcare Public Health, 69-81. doi:10.1093/oso/9780198837206.003.0007 Kaissi, A. (2016). Health Care Retail Clinics: Current Perspectives. Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Health, 47. doi:10.2147/ieh.s88610 Kernick, D. (2018). Allocating Limited Healthcare Resources. Complexity and Healthcare Organization, 131-142. doi:10.1201/9781315376318-15 Saathoff, A. D. (2018). Retail Clinics. Nursing, 48(6), 67-68. doi100
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